Have Carpet Bag – Will Travel

Going into the World by Evert Jan Boks (1838-1914), 1882.

Victorian ladies have a reputation for tight-laced respectability, but not all women of the era were content with home and hearth. Some ladies traveled the world, living their lives in far off lands like Egypt or India. Getting to such places was an adventure in itself. For example, a journey from London to Darjeeling in 1860 often took as long as a month and required passage on a combination of railways, steamships, dak carts, and bullock trains.

Packing for such an adventure was tricky. Ladies were advised to bring everything they might possibly need at their destination—from bed linens to bathtubs. The result was an enormous amount of luggage, including waterproof trunks and portmanteaus. On steamships and railways, this luggage was secured away until passengers reached their destination. For the journey itself, a lady was obliged to rely on the contents of her carpetbag.

Wool and Leather Carpet Bag, 1860.
(Met Museum)

A carpet bag was, quite simply, a carry-on bag made of carpet. Most railways and steamships permitted passengers to keep it with them for the duration of the journey. Though smaller than a portmanteau, a carpet bag could hold a great deal of clothing and personal items for everyday use. Indeed, carpet bags were renowned for their infinite capacity. In his 1847 book Heads and Tales of Travelling, Edward Blanchard writes:

“There is a popular tradition that a carpet bag will hold anything: we believe it. It is the very encyclopaedia of light articles, possessing, like a London Omnibus, the algebraic property of containing within itself an unknown quantity.”

Within a carpet bag, a lady traveling to foreign climes could pack her personal hygiene items, a change or two of clothing, her nightgown, seasick tablets, and spare gloves, handkerchiefs, and hairpins. If her luggage was lost or delayed, she would be quite capable of making do for a while.

Roswell Hovey Carpet Bag, ca. 1865.
(Met Museum)

On shorter journeys, a carpet bag was sometimes sufficient in itself. In fact, for many in the nineteenth century, a carpet bag was the very symbol of independent traveling. An article in an 1846 edition of The Scotsman calls a traveler with a carpet bag “the most perfect type of independence extant,” stating:

“While other passengers, by coach or railway, are looking after their trunks and trappings, he enters and has the best seat. He and his ‘little all’ never part company. On arriving at their destination, they are off with the jaunty swagger of unencumbered bachelorhood!”

The same description applied equally to lady travelers. Their day-to-day necessities in their carpet bag, and their parasol at the ready, they were equipped to dash off on any number of adventures. In my new historical romance, A Modest Independence, Jenny Holloway avails herself of a carpet bag when traveling from England to Darjeeling in 1860. I can think of no piece of Victorian luggage more symbolic of a sense of adventure and independence.

Mimi Matthews is the USA Today bestselling author of The Matrimonial Advertisement, The Pug Who Bit Napoleon, and A Victorian Lady’s Guide to Fashion and Beauty. She researches and writes on all aspects of nineteenth century history—from animals, art, and etiquette to fashion, beauty, feminism, and law.


Blanchard, Edward. Heads and Tales of Travellers & Travelling: A Book for Everybody, Going Anywhere. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1847.

“The Philosophy of a Little Carpet Bag.” The Scotsman (Midlothian, Scotland), 14 February 1846. © British Newspaper Archive

Available Now

A Modest Independence
Parish Orphans of Devon, Book 2

From the gaslit streets of Victorian London to the lush tea gardens of colonial India, Jenny and Tom embark on an epic quest—and an equally epic romance. But even at the farthest edges of the British Empire, the past has a way of catching up with you.
Find out more…

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ebook: $2.99 $4.99 / paperback: $16.99

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Praise for A Modest Independence

“Matthews immerses readers in the intricate descriptions of exotic locales…Fans of the series will enjoy exploring secondary characters’ lives and the truly heroic compromises Tom makes to be with the woman he loves.” -Library Journal

“As always, Matthews’ attention to historical accuracy is impeccable…Strong, smart characters and a daring quest result in a Victorian love story with a charmingly modern sensibility.” -Kirkus Reviews

“For fans of sweeping romances with exotic vistas…Jenny Holloway is a powerful female heroine that Jane Austen would be proud of…A very excellent and entertaining read.” -Readers’ Favorite

“A masterpiece of historical research and writing, I was spellbound by every sight that our couple see…In one word, this is beautiful.” -Chicks, Rogues and Scandals

“I’m convinced Mimi Matthews writes the best historical romance around…An absolute must-read for fans of romance, historicals or both.” -Foxes and Fairy Tales

“Author Mimi Matthews has produced her best writing to date with A MODEST INDEPENDENCE, as it is beautifully written, vivid, emotional, honest, and totally captivating from beginning to the awesome conclusion.” -Roses Are Blue

“From the smallest gestures of thoughtfulness or tenderness right through to the soul-puddling kisses, this story had EVERYTHING I love most about romance.” -Fiction Aficionado

© 2015-2021 Mimi Matthews

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Sarah Waldock
Sarah Waldock
2 years ago

It’s a damn good book

2 years ago

Absolutely one of the best Historical Romance books with authentic travel descriptions I have ever read – and as a mature woman – that is saying something! Congrats on ‘A Modest Independence’ which rings true for all of us ‘independent ladies’ and a wonderful post on carpet bags. Keep up the good work Mimi of informing us of how far we have come!

Carole in Canada
Carole in Canada
2 years ago

The carpet bag so reminds me of Mary Popppins’ bag! Also love that painting at the beginning! So enjoyed the book and the process involved in travel and what to pack etc. Must say, I love Tom Finchley!

2 years ago

“Carpetbaggers” have a much different connotation in U.S. history. It was the insulting name for the people who went south after the Civil War and took positions of power in the reconstruction era. The carpet bags were indicative of their status as travelers and not part of the community. Anyway, much prefer the image of the traveling lade of Victoria’s world.

Fiona Ingram
Fiona Ingram
2 years ago

Could not post to Pinterest and Twitter, only FB. Says bad connection via your site.

Alexandria Szeman
Alexandria Szeman
2 years ago

Ever since I saw the film Mary Poppins when I was little, I’ve longed for a real carpetbag!

Sharon B
Sharon B
2 years ago

When will the audiobook be available?

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